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Sets
A set is a collection of elements or numbers or objects, represented within the curly brackets { }. For example: {1,2,3,4} is a set of numbers. There are three forms in which we can represent the sets. They are: Statement form: A set of even number less than 20 Roster form: A = {2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18} Set builder form: A = {x: x=2n, n ∈ N and 1 ≤ n ≤ 20}
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Venn Diagrams
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Proper Set
A is said to be a proper subset of B if:

• A is a subset of B
• A is not equal to B
• A is a subset of B but B contains at least one element which does not belong to A

Improper Set

Sct A is called an improper subset of B if and only if A = B. Every set is an improper subset of itself.

Power Set

The power set of a set is defined as a set of every possible subset if the cardinality of A is ‘n’ then the cardinality of power set is 2n as every element has two options either t0 belong t0 a subset or not

Finite Set

This is a set consisting of natural number of objects. If the members of a set have definite numbers like the days of the week, we term this as finite

Consider the sets
A = { 5, 7, 9, 11 }

B = {4, 8, 16, 32} are both finite set

Infinite Set
If the number of elements in a set is infinite, the set is said to be infinite.

Thus the set of all natural numbers is given by N = {1.2.3,.} is an infinite set. Similarly the set of all rational numbers between 0 and 1 given by

A = {x:x £ Q, 0<x<1} is an infinite set