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ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY

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ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY

These are the informations you need before choosing ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY. These are the JAMB subject combination, requirements and the Universities that offer them in Nigeria.

Jamb Subject Combination For ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY

Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Requirements

Direct Entry Requirements

i) ‘A’ level passes in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,  Biology.

ii) ND (upper credit) in relevant fields of technology

UTME Requirements

Five (5) SSCE credit passes in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English Language, Biology or Geography.

Institutions That Offer ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY In Nigeria

  • PHC

Career & Business Strategist, Content creator, JAMB Officer and Academic Instructor. Owner/Founder - CAREERWIZZARD @careerwizzard.com

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ACADEMICS

PHY 203 Quiz For OAU

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Created by Oluwaferanmi Akinyele

PHY 203 Quiz

These are likely questions for our test based on our class notes, few questions our lecturers asked in class, examples in the notes and some online questions.

 

This quiz consists of 95 questions covering all the topics we have been taught in PHY 203 till present. I hope we all find it helpful.

You have 50 mins for this quiz.

 

 

 

Contributors: Zainab, Verah & Lammylex (CHM department)

and Shukroh, Great Blakky and Ebun (PHY department)

 

Goodluck!❤️

1 / 95

1. Loading effect of a meter happens because……………

2 / 95

2. In an RL circuit voltage across the resistor increases exponentially

3 / 95

3. Which of the following transformers has a high rating?

4 / 95

4. A inductor stores energy in its _________

5 / 95

5. The loss due to ohmic resistance of the transformer windings

6 / 95

6. A transformer consists of two inductive coils namely;

7 / 95

7. The e–h+ pair can also be called ____

8 / 95

8. Why is a laminated steel core used in a transformer instead of a solid core?

9 / 95

9. The core in a transformer provides ?

10 / 95

10. A Thevenin’s equivalent circuit contains an equivalent source Vth in parallel with an equivalent resistor Rth

11 / 95

11. A semiconductor in an extremely pure form is known as ………….

12 / 95

12. What is the number of branches, nodes, loops, and meshes?

13 / 95

13. The potential barrier of a P-N junction depends on which of the following except

14 / 95

14. Which of these will result in forward biasing

I. when certain dc voltage is applied to the junction in such a direction that it cancels the potential barrier thus permitting the flow of current

II. Connecting the negative terminal of the battery to the p-type and positive terminal to the n-type

III. Connecting the positive terminal of the battery to the p-type and negative terminal to the n-type

IV. when certain dc voltage is applied to the junction in such a direction that the potential barrier is increased

15 / 95

15. Calculate the current flowing in the circuit

16 / 95

16. Which of this must be connected to multimeter to be able to measure AC voltages?

17 / 95

17. In pure inductors, current ……… the voltage by ……

18 / 95

18. The majority carriers in an n-type semiconductor is ?

19 / 95

19. The arrangement of atoms in a repetitive manner is known as

20 / 95

20.

How many branches, nodes, loop and mesh do we have here?

21 / 95

21. The separation between conduction band and valence band on the energy level diagram is called ________

22 / 95

22. A hole can also be described as a _________

23 / 95

23. To convert a multiplier to an ammeter, a ………. resistance is connected in ……………… with a galvanometer

24 / 95

24. …………………. are responsible for the conduction  in a conductor

25 / 95

25. Copper loss is usually larger than other losses

26 / 95

26. A component that allows the flow of current in only one direction is called ……….

27 / 95

27. A galvanometer measures and detects extremely small currents both in ………………… and ………………………

28 / 95

28. A transformer only increases the voltage with corresponding increase in current

29 / 95

29. when the sensitivity of a meter is high, it means the meter has ………….

30 / 95

30. The process of setting up a current to operate a transistor at a desired point on its characteristic curve is known as __________

31 / 95

31. A laminated steel core that has high silicon content provides

32 / 95

32. Circuit elements are connected in parallel when a common ……………. is applied to each elements

33 / 95

33. Extrinsic semiconductors have more current conducting capacity than intrinsic semiconductors

34 / 95

34. In a multimeter, when the variable resistance and the fixed resistance are connected in series with the battery and galvanometer, the multimeter functions as

35 / 95

35. A material that releases an electron from the valence band into the conduction band when a photon of light is incident on it is a ___________

36 / 95

36. Which of this is true

37 / 95

37. Any transistor designed must operate in the ________ region of the characteristic curve

38 / 95

38. Depletion layer serves as barrier to the movement of free electrons.

39 / 95

39. In checking for continuity of circuit which on these is used

40 / 95

40. A capacitor and an Inductor in an AC circuit is referred to as

41 / 95

41. A node is a collection point for two or more banches

42 / 95

42. A resistor is regarded as a circuit element which puts energy into a circuit

43 / 95

43. Voltmeter draws …………………… current

44 / 95

44. Which of the following is correct

I. Small changes in V(BE) will produce large current changes in I(C) & I(E)

II. Small changes in V(CE) have little effect on I(B)

III. Small changes in V(CE) will produce large current changes in I(C) & I(E)

I, II, III & IVIV. Small changes in V(BE) will produce large current changes in I(B)

45 / 95

45. In a semiconductor, as temperature increases, conductivity ………………

46 / 95

46. A capacitor C and an Inductor L store…………….. and ……………….. respectively

47 / 95

47. A 6600/550V, 25KVA transformer has iron losses of 350W and its 1º and 2° winding resistances are 14.5 and 0.1Ω respectively. Determine the full load efficiency at a power factor of unity.

48 / 95

48. A mesh is any closed path in a circuit which does not enclose any other closed path inside it

49 / 95

49. Calculate Ia, Ib and Ic

50 / 95

50. A p-n junction is also known as

51 / 95

51. No electrons can stay in the forbidden gap because

52 / 95

52. A perfect amplifier has all of the following properties except:

53 / 95

53. Circuit elements connected in series have common …………….. passing through each element

54 / 95

54. The loss due to the reversal of magnetization in the transformer core is known as

55 / 95

55. Consider the following statements and choose only correct answers

I. The resistivity of a semiconductor is less than that of an insulator and more than a conductor

II. As temperature increases, the conductivity of semiconductors decreases

III. We can consider a semiconductor as a resistance material

IV. Semiconductors have a negative temperature coefficient of resistance

56 / 95

56. In electronics, _____ refers to the use of DC voltage to establish certain operating conditions for an electronic device.

57 / 95

57. Inductors are very common in high-frequency circuit

58 / 95

58. Which of the statements about PN junction is true

I. A PN junction presents a high resistance if forward biased.

II. A PN junction presents a high resistance if reversed biased.

III A PN junction presents a low resistance if forward biased.

IV. A PN junction presents a low resistance if reversed biased.

 

59 / 95

59. Inductors smoothen sharp sudden changes in ……….

60 / 95

60. On the basis of their use, transformers are classified as

61 / 95

61. Which of the following is/are correct?

I. Bipolar junction transistors control the current by varying the number of charge carriers

II. Voltage between 2 terminals are indicated by repeated letters

III. The emitter is lightly doped to reduce junction capacitance

IV. The emitter-base junction is forward biased

62 / 95

62. What type of bonds exist in semiconductors

63 / 95

63. The transistor is a current __________ device.

64 / 95

64. A variable resistor in an electric circuit is for ……………

65 / 95

65. An Inductor tend to smooth sudden change in ……………..

66 / 95

66. ________ converts alternating currents into direct currents

67 / 95

67. Which of the following is true about transformers?

I. Open circuit test are done with a load on the transformer.

II. Copper loss is due to the ohmic resistance of the transformer windings.

III. Open circuit test is done to determine the ‘no load loss’ of the transformer.

IV. A transformer is electrically linked.

68 / 95

68. Calculate Rth, Vth, and I5

69 / 95

69. When a small amount of trivalent impurity is added to a pure semi conductor, the semi conductor becomes

70 / 95

70. In a transformer, most flux which get linked to the secondary winding is called?

71 / 95

71. If a circuit has the following parameters Vcc =20V, Rs +Rm = 9.3KΩ, Vbe = 0.7, Im =1mA, and Β = 100. Calculate the meter current when E =10V and the voltmeter input r with or without the transistor.

72 / 95

72. A meter is protected in the case of accidental workload by connecting …………… in ………….. with a voltmeter

73 / 95

73. The most versatile circuit configuration for transistors is the

74 / 95

74. Calculate the equivalent resistance

75 / 95

75. The emf that gets induced in the secondary winding according to Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction is called?

76 / 95

76. The collector current is determined by the _________

77 / 95

77. The Norton’s equivalent circuit contains a Norton equivalent source “I(N)” in parallel with an equivalent resistor R(N)

78 / 95

78. The voltage signal at the collector is out of phase with the signal at the base by:

79 / 95

79. Which of the following statements is/are true? I. A multimeter can be used as an ammeter when low resistance is connected in parallel with the galvanometer II. A low sensitive meter will measure Voltage perfectly III. A multimeter cannot be used to determine circuit continuity IV. A multimeter can be used as an voltmeter when high resistance is connected in series with the galvanometer

80 / 95

80. Coils are …………… separated, but ……………. linked together

81 / 95

81. What are the examples of passive elements?

82 / 95

82. The resistivity of a semiconductor is ………. that of an insulator, and …………that of conductors

83 / 95

83. What is known as eddy current loss in a transformer?

84 / 95

84. AC Current and Voltage may vary with time. True or False?

85 / 95

85. An ammeter also detects the direction of the flow of current

86 / 95

86. A multiplier measures ………………, ………………….. and …………………

87 / 95

87. The transistor is a three-terminal device that we can use to form a _____________ circuit

88 / 95

88. A capacitor stores charge and hence, electric energy

89 / 95

89. The principle behind the working of a transformer is _________

90 / 95

90. Select the correct options only

I. Pentavalent impurities provide large number of free electrons to the semiconductor.

II. Trivalent impurities provide large number of free electrons to the semiconductor.

III. Trivalent impurities provide large number of holes to the semiconductor.

IV. Pentavalent impurities provide large number of holes to the semiconductor.

91 / 95

91. p-type and n-type semiconductor join together to form a …………….. known as …………….

92 / 95

92. A emitter-follower circuit has Vcc =12V, Rm = 1KΩ and a 2mA meter. If the amplification factor of the resistor is 80 and Vbe = 0.7. Calculate the suitable r for Rs to give fsd when E= 5V.

93 / 95

93. Which of the following is/are true

I. Reverse biasing prevents the flow of charge carriers across the junction.

II. Forward biasing is created when the positive terminal is connected to the n-type part of the PN junction.

III. In practice, when we apply reverse biasing to a PN junction, all the charge carriers stops to flow.

94 / 95

94. Which of the following is true about the effect of temperature on semiconductors

I. At absolute zero, there are no free electrons.

II. Above absolute zero, bonds break and electrons move under the influence of the applied electric field.

III. The semiconductor has its highest conductivity at absolute zero

IV. The semiconductor behaves as a perfect insulator at absolute zero

95 / 95

95. In a RC circuit, voltage across the resistor ………………. exponentially with time

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ACADEMICS

Quiz for CSC 201

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/40
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You have 30 mins for this quiz

Time up!


Created by Oluwaferanmi Akinyele

CSC 201

Preparatory Quiz for CSC 201 Test 2022/2023. This quiz contains 40 multiple choice questions.

 

 

The questions are compiled by Physics department gurus;

Ebun (Class rep)

Levi

Oluwaferanmi

Great

and Blakky

1 / 40

The following are python reserved words excerpt

2 / 40

Which one of the following is the use of function in python?

3 / 40

Machines developed in mechanical era include the following except

4 / 40

What are the values of the following Python expressions?

“` 2**(3**2)“`

“` (2**3)**2“`

“` 2**3**2“`

5 / 40

What is the average value of the following Python code snippet?

“`grade1 = 80“`

“`grade2 = 90“`

“`average = (grade1 + grade2) / 2“`

6 / 40

Is Python code compiled or interpreted?

7 / 40

Which keyword is used to call a function in Python language?

8 / 40

Machines developed in transistor era include the following except

9 / 40

Which among the following list of operators has the highest precedence?

“` +, -, **, %, /, <<, >>, |“`

10 / 40

Who developed Python Programming Language?

11 / 40

Which of the following variable naming is correct

12 / 40

The following are high-level languages except

13 / 40

Which of the following is used to define a block of code in Python language?

14 / 40

Which of the following is true for variable names in Python?

15 / 40

Which type of Programming does Python support?

16 / 40

Which of the following functions is a built-in function in python?

17 / 40

Which of the following character is used to give single-line comments in Python?

18 / 40

The correct sequence of the history of modern era is

19 / 40

Python was created in what year

20 / 40

Application software includes the following except

21 / 40

Is Python case sensitive when dealing with identifiers?

22 / 40

The following are program elements except

23 / 40

What will be the output of the following Python expression?

“`round(4.576)“`

24 / 40

‘Bit’ stands for

25 / 40

Which of the following is the correct extension of the Python file?

26 / 40

A ________ is a sequence of instructions telling the computer what to do.

27 / 40

The following is true about python except

28 / 40

What is the value of the following expression?

“`float(22//3+3/3)“`

29 / 40

What is the maximum possible length of an identifier in Python?

30 / 40

What are the two main types of functions in Python?

31 / 40

Which of the following is an invalid statement?

32 / 40

The expression

“`2**2**3“` is equal to “`(2**2)**3“`

33 / 40

Operating Systems includes the following except

34 / 40

Which of the following is an invalid variable?

35 / 40

In flow charts, a terminal is represented with what shape

36 / 40

The ______ is the brain of the computer that performs simple arithmetic & logical operations

37 / 40

A computer software comprises of ___________ software & ___________ software

38 / 40

What is the order of precedence in python?

39 / 40

The outcome of a programming activity is a _________

40 / 40

What will be the value of X in the following Python expression?

“`X = 2+9*((3*12)-8)/10“`

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ACADEMICS

PHY 205 Quiz

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OAU PHY 205 Quiz

PHY 205

1 / 34

1. How do the oscillations of the electrical and magnetic components in electromagnetic waves relate to the direction of propagation?

2 / 34

2. If the dimensions of the nucleus are small enough, what can happen to alpha particles passing very near the nucleus in Rutherford's model?

3 / 34

3. In quantum mechanics, what role does a photon play in the electromagnetic field?

4 / 34

4. What is the significance of alpha particle scattering experiments in Rutherford's model?

5 / 34

5. In Thomson's model, where are the negatively charged electrons located?

6 / 34

6. In electromagnetic waves, how do the electrical and magnetic components oscillate?

7 / 34

7. Arrange the following types of electromagnetic radiation in order of increasing frequency:

8 / 34

8. What are electromagnetic waves?

9 / 34

9. Arrange the following types of electromagnetic radiation in order of increasing wavelength

10 / 34

10. In Rutherford's model, where is the positive charge concentrated?

11 / 34

11. According to quantum mechanics, what is the alternate view of electromagnetic radiation (EMR)?

12 / 34

12. What is the primary reason for the scattering of alpha particles in Rutherford's model?

13 / 34

13. What is a photon?

14 / 34

14. How are the electrons distributed in Thomson's model?

15 / 34

1. In what devices are cathode ray tubes commonly used?

16 / 34

2. What is thermionic emission?

17 / 34

3. What type of radiation can be produced using cathode ray tubes?

18 / 34

4. In Thompson’s experiment, a a beam of electron travelling at 6.8 x 10^7m/s is bent into a circular path of radius 4cm in the magnetic of induction 10^-2 W/m2. Find the specific charge to mass (e/m)

19 / 34

5. What happens when a metal wire is heated in a vacuum during thermionic emission?

20 / 34

6. High beam of cathode ray in vacuum tube can be steered and manipulated by

21 / 34

7. Why is it necessary for the tube to be in a vacuum during thermionic emission?

22 / 34

1. Electrons absorbs energy in form of photons as they are accelerated

23 / 34

2. Electrons, being fermions, adhere to which principle that prohibits two electrons from occupying the same quantum state?

24 / 34

3. Wavelength is inversely proportional to an object’s mass

25 / 34

4. Which branch of physics is concerned with the quantization of energy and its effects on the interaction of matter and energy?

26 / 34

5. Which of the following is not quantized?

 

27 / 34

6. What is the relative mass of an electron compared to a proton?

28 / 34

7. What is the electric charge of a positron?

29 / 34

8. Which field properties does an electron exhibit due to its charge and motion?

30 / 34

9. What is the intrinsic angular momentum (spin) value of an electron?

31 / 34

10. What type of process is represented by this equation e† + e¯ → ϒ + ϒ

32 / 34

11. Which of the following statements about electrons within an atom is true?

33 / 34

12. What term is used to describe the lowest energy state that an electron can occupy within an atom?

34 / 34

13. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

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ACADEMICS

OAU PHY 203 Class Notes

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This PDF is the class notes for OAU  PHY 203 during the 2022/2023 session.




It encompasses topics ranging from circuit theory and network theorems to Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems, progressing further into AC circuits, transformers, physics of active devices, semiconductors, and more.



I will continually update this file as we proceed through the classes. Thank you.

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